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Q: Some of the practices of the dervish order, like veneration of the saints, were similar to __________ practices. a. Christian b. Jewish c. SunnÄ« d. WahhÄbÄ«
Q: Louis Farrakhan, born Louis Eugene Wolcott, was formerly recognized as a/an __________. a. American prizefighter b. Bermudan calypso singer c. Cuban sugar cane farmer d. itinerant railroad worker
Q: Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, the leader of the Ahmadiya, made it clear in his teachings that jihad or "holy war" was to be carried out by _________.a. forceb. Mahdic. preachingd. zealots
Q: Following the death of Zia-ul-haq, __________was elected into power. a. Ayub Khan b. Benazir Bhutto c. Pervez Musharraf d. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
Q: Zia-ul-Haq came to power in Pakistan in 1971. He proposed the enforcement of zakÄt taxation to fund __________. a. mosque construction b. schools c. social welfare d. war
Q: The argument that Muslim unity might be achieved through the founding of an independent Muslim state lead to the creation of __________. a. Afghanistan b. Iraq c. Israel d. Pakistian
Q: Belief in God, nationalism, humanitarianism, social justice and democracy, the basis for the Indonesian constitution, are collectively known as the __________. a. Five Directions b. Five Pillars c. Five Principals d. Pentacost
Q: Minister Louis Farrakhan and the Nation of Islam won respect for _________. a. educating poor children b. helping homeless black people c. providing food for the poor d. rehabilitating prisoners
Q: The Shah of Iran, Shah Mohammed Reza, was overthrown in what year? a. 1947 b. 1968 c. 1979 d. 1984
Q: In 1977, Colonel Muammar al-Qaddafi renounced all political titles to become __________ of the revolution.a. commanderb. designerc. philosopherd. promoter
Q: Who was the founder of the Pan-Islamic movement?a. Jamal al-Din al-Afghanib. Muhammad 'Abduhc. Mustapha Kemald. Yesut Yilmaz
Q: Which of the following was NOT a contributor to secularism in Turkey?a. abolition of the Shari'a oriented religious courtsb. establishment of civil courtsc. requirement that women wear the veild. support for European style dress
Q: Who are the dominant moral monitors of life in Sa'idi Arabia today?a. the imamsb. the Sifisc. the Taliband. the Wahhabis
Q: During Lailat al-Mir"˜Äj, the festival of the Prophet's Night Journey, mosques and minarets are _________. a. closed b. continuously open c. draped in black cloth d. illuminated
Q: Influenced by Christian tradition, the _________ began living in monastic houses.a. 'Alawitesb. Musta'isc. Nizarisd. Sifis
Q: The end of Ramadan is celebrated with a feast called _________.a. 'Id al-Adhab. 'Id al-Fitrc. Lailat al-Mir'ad. Mawlid an-Nabi
Q: The term "dervish" has its roots in the Persian term "darwish" which means __________.a. celibateb. dancingc. poord. whirling
Q: The Aga Khan is a/an _________ position within the Nizaris sect.a. electedb. hereditaryc. honoraryd. military
Q: The 'Alawites are a syncretic sect, and as such, celebrate _________.a. Easterb. Passoverc. Ramadand. Zoroaster's birth
Q: The Crusaders feared the assassin leader, Rashed al-SinÄn, who was also called the _________. a. Merchant of Death b. Great One c. Old Man of the Mountain d. Sword of God
Q: The Isma'ilites (Seveners) believe that Isma'i was wrongfully accused of __________.a. drunkennessb. heresyc. infidelityd. murder
Q: The Zadites believe that __________ was the fifth imam.a. Ali Zain al-Abidinb. Jafar al-Sadiqc. Muhammad al-Baqird. Muhammad al-Kazim
Q: Many years after his death, _________ was given the title of "Lord of All Martyrs" because it was believed that he had been poisoned.a. al-Hasanb. al-Husaync. 'Umard. Yazid
Q: Around the time of the sixth imÄm, the principle of nass, which allows _________, developed. a. interpretation of scripture to select the next imÄm b. SÅ«fÄ«s to divine the next imÄm c. the people to elect an imÄm d. the preceding imÄm to choose the next imÄm
Q: Muhammad's descendants, the "Ahl al-Bayt," are known as the _________. a. children of God b. people of the house c. pure of heart d. solemn ones
Q: _________ is the country that has suffered more conflict in the last three decades than any other Muslim country.
Q: The _________, an example of Islamic architecture, is thought to be the most perfect building in the world.
Q: The _________ exposed Christians to Muslim science, philosophy, and culture.
Q: The celebration at the end of Ramadan is called _________.
Q: Although not a Qur'anic practice, Sufis and common people continue to visit the tombs of __________.
Q: Temporary marriage was created for short-term contractual marriages that allowed for sexual relations without __________.
Q: The _________ believe that "˜Ali was the divinely designated leader of Islam following the death of Muhammad.
Q: In 1875, Sir Sayyid founded a Muslim Anglo-Oriental College at "˜Aligarh (now "˜Aligarh University) where courses in __________ accompanied the study of Muslim religion.
Q: The "divinely guided one" who will appear before the end of the world is known as the __________.
Q: A temporary marriage is known as a _________.
Q: Who was the Sufi poet who wrote the famous "Song of the Reed Flute?"a. al-Hallajb. al-Hasanc. Mathnavid. Rumi
Q: Which school of law is still generally followed in North Africa?a. Hanabaliteb. Hanifitec. Malikited. Shafi'ite
Q: The most conservative of the four schools of Islamic thought that arose during the first two centuries of Islam was the _________.a. Hanabaliteb. Hanifitec. Malikited. Shafi'ite
Q: When the Arabs conquered Persia, what was the primary religion of the Persians? a. Buddhism b. Christianity c. Judaism d. Zoroastrianism
Q: Who was the first caliph to succeed Muhammad?a. Abu Bakrb. Khalidc. Theodorusd. 'Umar
Q: The scholars of Islam were called _________.a. caliphsb. high priestsc. imamsd. ulama'
Q: Exhaustion from years of internal strife is one reason the Muslim world was successful in conquering the _________ world. a. Byzantine b. Greek c. Persian d. Roman
Q: The political party referred to as the _________ was composed of Muhammad's closest associates. a. Brotherhood b. Companions c. Emigrants d. Supporters
Q: How often must every Muslim make the pilgrimage to Mecca? a. Annually b. As often as possible c. Every decade d. Once in a lifetime
Q: __________ is the first step in becoming a muslim. a. accepting and reciting the creed b. almsgiving c. completing the five acts of devotion and prayer d. hajj
Q: _________ is NOT prohibited by the law of "right conduct?" a. divorce b. drinking wine c. gambling d. slaying of one's children
Q: One of the ways Allah makes his will known is through _________. a. angels b. divine visions c. famines d. signs
Q: Allah reveals his will through __________. a. Muhammad and the Qur"an b. Muhammad, the Qur"an, and meditation c. Muhammad, the revelations, and meditation d. the Qur"an, meditation, and the revelations
Q: What important topic is addressed by the SÅ«ras? a. freedom of choice b. the afterlife c. the intention of God d. the role of the faithful
Q: Where did Muhammad establish the first mosque? a. Alexandria b. Jerusalem c. Mecca d. Medina
Q: The first year of the Islamic calendar is based on what historical event? a. the birth of Muhammad b. the death of Muhammad c. the Hijra d. the revelation of the Qur"Än
Q: In the Islamic belief system the Qur"Än is _________. a. a collection of historical accounts b. an allegory for the Islamic faithful c. Muhammad's interpretation of God's message d. the direct word of God
Q: The Quraysh objected to Muhammad's _________. a. claim that there was but one God b. claim to be a prophet c. control of the waters of the Zamzam d. preaching at he Ka"˜ba
Q: Who was the first person Muhammad told about his revelation?a. Fatimab. Khadijac. Ab Bakrd. Umar
Q: What religion did Muhammad practice as a child? a. a local religion worshipping gods and goddeses b. Christianity worshipping Jesus c. Judaism d. Zoroastrianism
Q: On the Night of Power and Excellence, who did Muhammad see in a vision? a. Allah b. his father c. the angel Gabriel d. the angel Michael
Q: Several factors endangered Mecca, including the _________ which held that the murder of a member of ones's clan must be avenged. a. Law of Murder b. Law of Retribution c. Law of Revenge d. Law of Vendetta
Q: Tradition holds that the infant _________ caused the waters of the Zamzam to well up after kicking his heels in the dirt. a. Abel b. Hagar c. Ishmael d. Moses
Q: Which of the following is one of the ways we can learn about Muhammad? a. through the HadÄ«th b. through the writings of Muhammad c. through the Qur"Än d. through the Zamzam
Q: The early tribes of Arabia made a pilgrimage, or _________, to a meteorite in Mecca. a. hajj b. jinn c. ka"˜ba d. nab
Q: Islam acknowledges Abraham, Moses, and Jesus as __________, but considers Muhammad to be the last and greatest of them all.
Q: Muhammad first preached the revelations to _________.
Q: The Muslim conquest extended as far west as _________.
Q: The creed, or ShahÄda, is the first of the _________ of Islam.
Q: The laws of "right conduct" are found in _________.
Q: According to Islamic tradition, the book of each person's deeds will be read during _________.
Q: The term Ä«mÄn refers to the __________.
Q: Muhammad's _________ and _________ became the fundamental basis of faith and practice in Islam.
Q: The holiest shrine in Arabia, the ka"˜ba, included a _________ built into the shrine.
Q: Across the world over _________ people practice Islam?
Q: The third longest reign in papal history was held by __________ who was also the most traveled pope. a. John XXIII b. John Paul II c. Paul VI d. Pius XII
Q: The Catholic Church's stance against __________ was reinforced by Pope Paul VI's "Humanae Vitae." a. artificial birth control b. marriage for homosexuals c. married clergy d. ordination of women
Q: A Protestant sect characterized by services that involve silent meditation with no sacraments and no prepared discourse are the __________. a. Baptists b. Congregationalists c. Quakers d. Unitarians
Q: The Catholic Reformation was triggered by the self-criticism invoked by __________. a. the growing strength of Eastern Orthodoxy b. the Protestant reformation c. the precipitous decline in papal power d. the rapid decline of converts
Q: Martin Luther differed from Catholic doctrine in believing that __________, not good works, was the path to God. a. eucharist b. faith c. penitence d. prayer
Q: The conflict between __________ and Emperor Henry IV occurred when Henry demanded that the Church be in charge of appointing bishops. a. Augustus b. Clement I c. Gregory VII d. Benedict V
Q: Icons are depicted differently in the Eastern Church as being less realistic because they are meant to be __________. a. adored b. venerated c. symbolic d. used in liturgical services only
Q: After the fall of Rome, The papacy was spared because the invaders __________. a. did not care about religion b. sought only Roman treasure c. were already Christians d. were pagans
Q: The Nestorians view of Jesus's nature __________. a. was impossible for humans to know b. was primarily human c. was two distinct and separate natures d. was united in will without one aspect absorbing the other
Q: The most rapid growth of Christianity in modern times has occurred in __________. a. Africa b. Asia c. Malaysia d. the Southern hemisphere